The name “Out of Sundaland” refers to theory that the now submerged area known as Sundaland or the Sundaic region, is the possible cradle from which the world’s Asian population originated from.
It’s a biogeographical region of Southeastern Asia which encompasses the Sunda shelf, a part of the Asian continental shelf that was exposed during the last glacial period of the Pleistocene, from approximately 110 000 to 12 000 years ago making human migration throughout this area easier. This area includes the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Java, Sumatra and surrounding islands.
Population dispersals seem to have occurred at the same time as sea levels rose, which may have resulted in migrations from the Philippine Islands to as far north as Taiwan within the last 10,000 years. The population migrations were most likely to have been driven by climate change — the effects of the drowning of an ancient continent. Rising sea levels in three massive pulses may have caused flooding and the submerging of the Sunda continent, creating the Java and South China Seas and the thousands of islands that make up Indonesia and the Philippines today. The changing sea levels would have caused these humans to move away from their coastal homes and culture, and farther inland throughout southeast Asia. This forced migration would have caused these humans to adapt to the new forest and mountainous environments, developing farms and domestication, and becoming the predecessors to future human populations in these regions.
The new findings from Human Genome Organisation also shows that Asia was populated primarily through a single migration event from the south. They found genetic similarities between populations throughout Asia and an increase in genetic diversity from northern to southern latitudes.
The idea of not being limited or defined by one region or country is where we take inspiration for our menu from. Australia is very much apart of Asia, so we are working towards bringing you the best flavours and techniques from across all Asian countries married with our native, sustainable ingredients to celebrate the cultural diversity and outstanding food producers that make up modern Australia.
For more reading about Sundaland (the theory) see: